The Golden Circle consists of three of the most popular tourist sites in Iceland; Þingvellir (Thingvellir) National Park, Geysir hot spring area and Gullfoss waterfall. The route takes you from Reykjavik one way, and after visiting the sites, another way back to the city, making it into a 300 km circle.
Þingvellir National Park is one of UNESCO’S world heritage site both for its geological uniqueness and its historic significance. At Þingvellir the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates meet and you can clearly see the rift valley that is caused by the drift of the plates. Icelanders regard Þingvellir almost as a holy place. It was here that Althingi, parliament was founded in the year 930 ad, making it one of the oldest in the world.
Geysir hot spring area takes it name after the Great Geysir that found there. Although the Great Geysir has been dormant for some time now, the area is highly active. Fumaroles, bubbling hot springs and Geysir’s successor, Strokkur erupts every 5-10 minutes, sending boiling water up to 20 meters up to the air.
Gullfoss waterfall was heroicly saved from utilization by a one women environmental army in the early 1900’s. Once you have been there we are sure you will be just as thankful to her as the rest of us.