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Dimmuborgir

The Incredible Lava Park near Myvatn Geothermal Area

Dimmuborgir is an incredible lava field in the North Eastern region in Iceland. Surrounded by mesmerizing geothermal landscapes and incredible history this unique and natural lava sculpture park is a must visit when exploring the Ring Road.



Dimmuborgir is an incredible lava field east of the Mývatn Area packed with sky-high rock pillars and lava caves. The dramatic expanse formed in a volcanic eruption 2300 years ago but today stands still creating an opportunity for moss and other durable vegetation to flourish. The name Dimmuborgir could be translated to the dark cities but it has sometimes been called the Dark Fortress. Some of the caves in the area are large enough to fit several humans which is where the name comes from; Tiny Dark Cities. The area is located right off the famous Ring Road one so it is an easy stop to add to your adventure in Iceland.

Dimmuborgir is truly an enchanting place with endless different ways to go about exploring it. The area is somewhat round with about 2-kilometer radius. It is tallest at the center where the rock formations rise up 20 meters above the surrounding terrain. The rough landscape and unusual lava pillars and compositions set the scene for some magical moments for those who visit and a stop is greatly advised while exploring the North of Iceland.

Dimmuborgir

There is a great deal of Icelandic folklore that surrounds Dimmuborgir and some even say that the Icelandic Yule Lads (the Icelandic Santa Clauses, 13 in total) live in the area. In Nordic folklore, you can find tales of the dark lord in the area but this is believed to be the place where Satan landed when he was cast from heaven turning it into the catacombs of hell. This might have to do with the dark array of colors of the place.


About 2,300 years ago an eruption began in an areas names Þrenglsborgir and Lúdentsborgir. That is the biggest eruption known to have occurred in the Mývatn area since the last ice age.

The volcanic ravine was 12 kilometers (7,45 mi) long and had an even longer side crack which was about 5 kilometers (3,2 mi) west. All together the open ravine in the ground that the eruption came from was 16,5 kilometers (10,2 mi).

When the lava flowed down from the ravine it started reaching over a pre-existing lake that sat in the area. When this happened the water and the wet terrain around it started to boil. This collision of extremes caused vapor rising through the lava which formed lava pillars. Some of them very only the height of a foot but other many meters into the sky. As the lava continues to flow a part of the top crust collapsed but the area of Dimmuborgir remained partially intact. This is why the area you can visit today has so many different levels.

Dimmuborgir is greatly characterized by these rock formations: by the large yet hollow lava chambers which formed around the bubbles of the vapor and the towering rock pillars which combined make up the most enchanting scene.

Dimmuborgir North Iceland

The lava field that formed was named Laxárhraun yngra or the younger salmon river lava field and was believed to cover about 220 sq kilometers. This is the same lava which forms the bottom of Lake Myvatn. The field is covered with pseudo craters which are found all around Dimmuborgir and Myvatn down to Aðaldalur valley.


  • There is a very famous Norwegian Black Metal Band called Dimmu Borgir, it will likely come up if you google the place
  • Lava formations such as the ones found at Dimmuborgir aren’t found any place else in the world except at the bottom of the ocean offshore Mexico
  • Some say that the Icelandic Yule Lads live in the area
  • Nordic Christian lore tells tales of Satan being thrown from heaven and landing in Dimmuborgir and thereby creating the catacombs you see today!
  • The famous television series Game of Thrones filmed in Dimmuborgir

GPS Coordinates: 65° 35′ 25″ N, 16° 53′ 58″ W

Dimmuborgir are located right under the black sand mountain Hverfjall within the powerful Mývatn geothermal area. The distance from Egilsstaðir is about 170 kilometers (105,6 mi), from Akureyri about 82,3 kilometers (51,1 mi) and from Reykjavík 470 kilometers (292 mi).


Dimmuborgir can easily be reached, especially in summer. You can take day tours out from Akureyri, join multi-day tours, for example, the Ring Road Tours for a visit with a guide or you can simply get your own rental and drive there.

Driving from Reykjavik to Dimmuborgir will take about 6 hours but is not recommend to do in one go. There is simply far too much to see. Drive out from the city heading north following road 1. Through the Hvalfjarðargögn tunnel and into the birch region of Borgarfjörður. Continue up and down heaths and into Húnavatnssýsla, the region famous for being a seal colony. Next up is the capital of the Icelandic Horse, Skagafjörður. Continue further east this still pursuing the Ring Road 1. Drive into Akureyri, the capital of the North and onwards towards Mývatn. Soon you will start to see the moon-like terrain and are there!

Driving from Akureyri to Dimmuborgir will only take a little over an hour and is certainly a recommend stop while staying at Akureyri.

road to myvatn


  • Hike around – really roam around Dimmuborgir, the area has so many different angles and sights to behold. Take it all in!
  • Read up on the signs – there is so much to learn and to discover and you will enjoy the area so much better once you know what you are looking at. Read up!
  • Visit the surrounding Mývatn attractions – the area of Mývatn North Iceland is a paradise for those looking to experience the true magic of Iceland’s geothermal energy. Don’t miss it!

  1. Kaffi Borgir – the café on sight, the perfect spot for some warm coffee and delicious soups and cakes. They also have a fantastic gift shop worth checking out!
  2. Vogafjós Farm Resort – fresh homemade food made from local ingredients. Simply yummy!
  3. Daddi’s Pizza – a great variety of pizzas and friendly staff who really cater to their customers’ needs. A good price and great value!

Dimmuborgir North Iceland


Hotels

  • Hotel Mývatn
  • Hotel Gígur by Keahotels
  • Icelandair Hotel Myvatn
  • Laxá Hotel

Guesthouses, B&Bs and Farmstays

  • Birkilauf
  • Vogafjos Farm Resort
  • Vogar Travel Service
  • Eldá Guesthouse
  • Hotel Reykjahlíð
  • Skútustaðir Farmers Guesthouse

There are two different camping grounds near Dimmuborgir, Hlíð and Bjarg:

Hlíð camping ground is located at the north side of lake Mývatn, right by the village of  Reykjahlid and only 5 minutes walk away from the tourist information center.

Open: All Year Round

Price: Adult (16+) per night 2000 ISK

Services on site:

  • Toilets
  • Showers
  • Running hot and cold water
  • Electricity (700 ISK)
  • Laundry Service
  • Cooking Tent
  • Playground

Bjarg camping ground is smaller but has a stunning view over the lake and all the basic services you might need.

Open: 1st of May to the 20th of September

Price: Adult (16+) per night 2000 ISK

Services on site:

  • Toilets
  • Showers
  • Running hot and cold water
  • Electricity (1000 ISK)
  • Cooking facilities
  • Laundry Service
  • Hiking Trails
  • Bike Rental
  • Souvenir Shop

The world-renowned tv series has been filmed all around Iceland but a memorable scene of the HBO series was filmed in Dimmuborgir. This is the scene where Mance Rayder’s wildlings army camp was built in season three, episode 5 : ‘Kissed by Fire’ and where Ygritte stole John’s sword and lures him into a hidden cave. The team had to take on extreme circumstances while filming as temperatures went down to about -11°c so if you are planning on visiting in winter bring warm clothes!

Dimmuborgir North Iceland


Dimmuborgir is an extraordinary place to visit in winter and for all you GOT fans it is the perfect time to experience the area in the same way as in the show but it can be quite challenging getting there. The roads can get slippery and so do the trails and rocks so, be extra careful and mindful of the road conditions.