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Icelandic Sheepdog: Everything you need to know

The Icelandic sheepdog is one of the totem animals of Iceland. Its cheerful character, loud bark, and thick coat make it the ideal companion for any Icelandic farmer. Especially if the farmer wants to herd their sheep, horses or cattle in large open fields in any weather!

Icelandic Sheepdog | Creative Common

Photo from Wikipedia Creative Commons

This famous spitz-type dog breed was brought to Iceland by the first Viking settlers. The breed has been in the country for over 1,100 years. That makes the Icelandic Sheepdog Iceland’s only native dog!

The Icelandic Sheepdog is an energetic medium-sized dog with a double, thick coat and pointy ears. Its tail is very bushy and tends to curl up, creating the most adorable fluffy overlook. Their usual life span is 11-14 years and kept right, they should weigh about 11-14 kilograms (25-30 pounds).

Icelandic Sheepdog's characteristics

Icelandic Sheepdog’s characteristics

Up to this day, they are commonly used to herd sheep and other farm animals in Iceland’s rural areas, but you’ll also often meet them in the city.

The History and Origin of the Icelandic Sheepdog

The Sheepdog likely descended from dogs brought over from Denmark and Sweden. Archaeologists have found genetic similarities between the sheepdog and canine remains found in graves in Denmark and Sweden dating back to 8,000 BCE! 

In the mid-16th century, Swedish scholar Olaus Magnus wrote about the dogs’ popularity and their exporting to England. They became loved by the upper class, priests, and madams. So popular, that Shakespeare mentions these four-legged companions in his play “Henry V.

Icelandic Sheepdog sitting on an Icelandic Horse

Icelandic Sheepdog and horse having fun

In 1650, Sir Thomas Brown also wrote about Icelandic Sheepdogs being shipped to England, specifically to shepherds. Farmers were eager to get their hands on the dogs, thanks to their excellent herding skills. He writes that the dogs resembled foxes. The dog also appeared in the writings of Count de Buffon, a French naturalist. 

In the late 19th century, disease killed off over 75% of the Sheepdogs in Iceland. Due to such big losses, in 1901, the importation of dogs was banned in order to give the sheepdog time to recover. At this point, the purebred Icelandic Sheepdog was near extinction. 

Icelandic Sheepdog Askur.

Icelandic Sheepdog Askur.

Thankfully, the breed has recovered in abundance! They are now recognized and protected by the Icelandic Dog Breeder Association (Hundaræktunarfélag Íslands or HRFÍ), and are a member of the famous American Kennel Club (AKC). 

The popularity of the breed has never been greater and some of the puppies have been getting new owners in North America and Europe.

Icelandic Sheepdog Puppies

Every year, around 100 Icelandic Sheepdog puppies are born. The popularity of the breed has never been greater and some of the puppies have been getting new owners in North-America and Europe.

Icelandic Sheepdog puppies

Icelandic Sheepdog puppies

For those interested in breeding Icelandic Sheepdog puppies, it’s a good idea to get in touch with special institutions for support. The Breeding Review and Compliance Committee is a good source for information for Icelandic Sheepdog breeders in America. 

Fun Facts about the Icelandic Sheepdog

 

  • In Icelandic, the breed is called Íslenskur Fjárhundur
  • A lesser-known fact about the role of these dogs back in the day is that they were also used to drag puffins from their nesting holes when the farmers were out hunting them
  • About 100 Icelandic Sheepdog puppies are born every year in Iceland
  • The Sheepdog is often described as a very smiley dog
  • The breed has been trained to help Iceland’s Search and Rescue squads. The dogs are exceptionally good in avalanche searches.
  • Female dogs are slightly smaller than males.
  • The Sheepdog is also known as the Vikings’ Dog

Icelandic Sheepdog Breed Characteristics

In their temperament, the sheepdogs are playful and affectionate. They get along with other pets and are friendly to strangers. Just like most herding breeds, these pooches are free-thinkers and able to work on their own; they’re also obedient and easygoing. 

As can easily be read from the breed’s name it is first and foremost a working dog and a watchdog. During herding, dogs work to move animals from one point to another and also keep them in a flock. Icelandic Sheepdogs use their bark to keep animals in a flock. You’ll hear their voice quite often, as these dogs bark when they want something or feel like they need to be in control.

Icelandic Sheepdog's traits

Icelandic Sheepdog’s traits

Unlike most working dogs, the Sheepdog can easily relax once indoors and will happily lie at the master’s feet or jump up to cuddle with them. They are very family-friendly dogs as well as loyal and follow their owners everywhere.

They aren’t keen swimmers, most likely because of their thick coat. They are however excellent at learning things on their own which can be troublesome when they learn to open doors, shelves or get things they shouldn’t so owners might want to be on the lookout for new tricks and expect them to be smart. They need daily exercise and are great jogging companions.

Pros

  • They are super cuddly
  • They are very friendly dogs
  • They are loyal to their owners
  • They get along with children
  • They are smart
  • They are very playful (possibly a pro and con)

Cons

  • They tend to bark
  • They can figure out things like to open doors without being taught
  • Have weak resistance to Hip dysplasia, Dog cataracts, Cryptorchidism, Distichiasis, and Luxating patella. However, none of these illnesses and infections are exceptionally common nor are they connected directly with the breed.

The Colors of the Icelandic Sheepdog

Wiki Commons, Icelandic Sheepdog

Photo from Wikipedia Creative Commons

 

The Sheepdog is renowned for its thick coat that typically comes in two lengths. Both longhaired and shorthaired dogs have double coats the undercoat is thick and soft, and the outer coat is coarse. The dogs shed quite a lot and require weekly brushing to maintain healthy-looking fur.

The colors range quite a lot but are usually a dual split, with white markings. On rare occasions, the dogs can also present themselves in a black mask. Some of the most common color combinations are:

  • Black and White
  • Chocolate Brown and White
  • Gray and White
  • Reddish Brown and White
  • Cream and White
  • Gold and White
  • Sable and White
  • White Tan and Black

Other World-famous Icelandic Animals

  • Horses
  • Sheep
  • Cows
  • Landnámshænur – Icelandic Hens
  • Seals
  • Whales

Anything else you would like to know about the Icelandic Sheepdog?


Icelandic Sheepdog

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