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Music has always played a big role in the life of Icelanders. First through rímur in the Viking Age, later through hymns and now you can see Icelanders performing and producing all over the world stage. Where did it all begin and which Icelandic artists should you follow today? Read all about it!
The first Icelanders to become famous after the Vikings have likely been musicians. First came Bjork, then came Sigur Rós and more recently Monsters and Men and Kaleo. Those are not all of the Icelandic musicians that have received attention outside the country and we can say with a certain guarantee that there will be more. Which for a nation of about 350.000 people must count as pretty good. But where does all of this artistic inspiration come from? Is it from the endless natural beauty? Is it in the rich heritage? Does it come from a musical upbringing? Or is it the isolation that makes us all a bit weird and therefore unique and desired.
Music is a big part of the teaching agenda, starting at kindergarten and stretching all through elementary school. After school, a big percentage of all children have extracurricular music lessons which in Iceland is not as expensive as it is in other countries. You can even apply for grants or bursaries for the cost! But, even though a big part of Icelanders study classical music during their childhood the most famous and popular music to come from Iceland is those of alternative rock bands, singers or even Indie Rock and Folk Bands.
Let’s begin with a history lesson.
THE HISTORY OF ICELANDIC MUSIC
The origin of Icelandic music can be found in their Rímurwhich can be traced back to the Viking times. At the core, rímur are tales that can be sung in all sorts of ways but usually appear as a cappella. For a long time, after Iceland had become Christian rímur was banned as a part of banishing the Pagan religion. Humorously later it became a popular sport between priests to make rímur.
“Heyr himna smiður” is likely the oldest psalm still to be sung today but it was composed by Kolbeinn Tumason in the year 1208.
Some of the oldest songs still being sung today in Iceland can be traced back to the 14th century. Those songs would most commonly fall into the category of folk songs and the lyrics are generally about love, life at sea, surviving harsh winters, humorous topics, or even the occasional elf, troll, or mythical creature. Like with many things in Iceland isolation played a big part, musical influences that the surrounding countries were exposed to simply didn’t reach the island in the North and as result songs and musical themes lasted longer and stayed somewhat untouched.
Hákveðawas a specific rhythm to which most of the songs were sung and had been known in the other Nordic countries in the settlement times but had now mostly disappeared. Hákveða is most definitely one of the main characteristics of Icelandic folk music and the beginning of documented music in Iceland as a whole. You can tell a Hákveða by its emphasis on the last word.
Some of the more traditional instruments to be used back in the middle ages were the Icelandic langspil (drone zither) and a fiðla (fiddle). To these folk songs played on these unique instruments people would dance in chain dances, known as the Vikivaki dance. The most famous of those Vikivaki dances are performed to “Ólafur Liljurós” a Hákveða song about a man who is seduced and later stabbed to death by an elf woman.
Influences and new waves of music started to appear in Iceland around the 18th century. Icelanders were surprisingly respective to these new ideas. In the 19th century, a pipe organ was brought to Iceland for the first time and was later followed by harmonium-pumped reed organs. Accordions and harmonicas came after and today accordions are for many a symbol of the music your grandparents used to listen to.
ICELANDIC FOLK MUSIC
Of Monsters and Men (a mixture of pop and indie rock)
Ólöf Arnals (neo-folk)
ICELANDIC HIP HOP / RAP MUSIC
ICELANDIC ALTERNATIVE MUSIC
ICELANDIC INDIE POP ROCK MUSIC
ICELANDIC ELECTRO MUSIC
ICELANDIC ROCK / METAL MUSIC
ICELANDIC POP MUSIC
ICELANDIC REGGAE MUSIC
ICELANDIC CHRISTMAS MUSIC
Helgi Björns – Ef ég nenni
Svala – Ég hlakka svo til
Egill Ólafsson – Hátíð í bæ
Birgitta Haukdal – Eitt lítið jólalag
Björgvin Halldórsson – Snæfinnur Snjókall
Í svörtum Fötum – Jólin eru að koma
Laddi – Snjókorn Falla
Diddú – Nú minnir svo ótal margt á jólin
ICELAND’S NATIONAL ANTHEM
The song is called Lofsöngur or Ó Guðs Vors Lands and was composed by Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson but the lyrics were made by Matthias Jochumsson. The song was adopted in the year 1944.
FAMOUS ICELANDIC ARTISTS, SINGERS, BANDS AND COMPOSERS
Bjork is undoubtedly the most famous Icelandic ever to exist. 15 Grammy Nominations and a career which spans over multiple decades and there is no doubt that Bjork will continue to create and pleasantly surprise us!
Kaleo hit the music scene hard with their debut at Iceland Airwaves in 2012 and have since been rocking the United States with their fresh flare. A group of childhood friends from Mosfellsbær whose star is still rising!
An Avant-rock band from Reykjavík active since 1994 and probably one of the biggest music export Iceland has ever produced. Some of their most famous songs include Hoppí Polla, Svefn-g-Englar and Starálfur. Have famously performed at Coachella and on shows like the Simpsons and Game of Thrones.
OF MONSTERS AND MEN
Of Monsters and men is one of Iceland’s best-known bands. Their lead singer is female with an all-male band and their sound truly unique. Their songs have appeared in movies such as the Hunger Games and they have been nominated and won stellar awards!
Emiliana is a happy-upbeat indie pop artist who will get you in a good mood instantly with her music. She has been in the business since 1994 and has given us songs like Sunny Road, Jungle Drum and even The Lord of the Ring’s – Golumn’s song.
This alternative Indie rocker started off as the solo artist Ásgeir Trausti but has not adapted to using his first name as a more international figure. Icelanders fell in love with him when he released the album, Dýrð í Dauðaþögn, in 2012 which was then translated into the album In the Silence. The next release was King and Cross which gained even more attention in Europe. Who knows what is next for this talent buff!
It’s difficult to really place Ólafur Arnalds in a box. He does everything from experimental music to film scores and is a multi-instrumentalist and producer. His music videos are phenomenal and so is he.
Jóhann was an Icelandic composer and producer recognized worldwide for his extraordinary film and tv-show scores including Blade Runner, Sicario, Trapped (Ófærð), The Theory of Everything and Prisoners. He won a Golden Globe for Best Original Score for The Theory of Everything. His main instruments were the Piano, organ, and synthesizer. Jóhann sadly passed away in 2018 and is truly missed.
OTHER ICELANDIC BANDS OR SINGERS, YOU NEED TO START LISTENING TO
Daði Freyr (pop)
Úlfur Úlfur (hip-hop/rap)
Árstíðir (indie-folk rock/chamber pop band)
Mugison(soft rock alternative)
Sturla Atlas (hip-hop/rap)
Aron Can (hip-hop/rap)
ICELANDIC MUSIC FESTIVALS
Sónar in Reykjavik – Early February-April
Electro, Hip-Hop, Advances Music – Icelandic and Foreign Musicians.
Aldrei Fór Ég Suður at Ísafjörður – Easter Weekend
All Sorts – Icelandic Musicians.
Secret Solstice in Reykjavik– Around Summer Solstice
Secret Solstice music festival in Reykjavik
All Sorts – Icelandic and Foreign Musicians.
Folk Music Festival at Siglufjörður – 1st Weekend in July
Folk Music – Icelandic Musicians.
Iceland Airwaves in Reykjavik– Early November
All Sorts – Icelandic and Foreign Musicians.
Eistnaflug at Neskaupstaður – 2nd Weekend in July
Rock and Metal Music – Icelandic and Foreign Musicians.