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Vulkan Hekla

Die Königin von Island

Hekla liegt im Süden von Island. Es ist einer der aktivsten Vulkane in Island mit über 20 Ausbrüchen seit 874. Ausbrüche dauerten manchmal ein paar Tage und manchmal länger als ein Jahr und brachten außergewöhnliche Mengen an Lava hervor. Über 10% des Auswurfmaterials der letzten 1000 Jahre in Island stammt von Hekla.

Hekla – Die Königin von Island

Hekla brach das letzte Mal 1991 und 2000 aus. Vulkanologen sagen, dass der Druck in der Magmakammer zurzeit höher ist als während dieser Ausbrüche. Niemand weiß, wann der nächste Ausbruch bevorsteht, man kann aber durchaus sagen, dass die Zustände mehr und mehr dafür sprechen!

In 1159 schleuderte ein Ausbruch von Hekla über 7,3 Kubikmeter Lava in die Atmosphäre. Dadurch kühlte sich das gesamte Klima in Europa ab und veränderte die Ernte in dem Jahr. Spuren des Ausbruchs konnten sogar in Schottlands Torfsümpfen gefunden werden. Im Mittelalter, als die katastrophalen Auswirkungen in ganz Europa gefürchtet waren, wurde Hekla oft als “Tor zur Hölle” bezeichnet.

Der Vulkanberg Hekla wird manchmal auch als “Königin von Island” bezeichnet. Er liegt in der malerischen Gegend um den Berg Fjallabak. Eine Wanderung zur Spitze von Hekla (1491 m) ist Teil vieler Wunschlisten.

Eine Tagestour von Reykjavík aus ist der perfekte Weg, um Hekla und die wunderschöne Berglandschaft zu erkunden. An einem klaren Tag ist es möglich, Hekla von der Südküste und der Route 1 zu sehen. Für alle, die den Vulkan aus einer anderen Perspektive erkunden wollen, kann man mit einem 4×4 Fahrzeug die Aussicht auf dem Weg nach Landmannalaugar erkunden. Denken Sie daran, aus dem Fenster zu sehen, wenn Sie auf eine von unseren Landmannalaugar- und Laugavegur-Wandertouren gehen.

Wo liegt Hekla?

Hekla liegt in einer abgelegenen Gegend zwischen der Straße 26, der F210 Bergstraße und dem Friðland að Fjallabaki Naturreservoir, etwa 122 km von Reykjavík entfernt. Der einzige Weg, um wirklich nah dran zu kommen, ist die Wanderwege zu nutzen – eine geführte Wanderung mitzumachen wird sehr empfohlen. Andere Attraktionen in der Gegend sind: Hvollsvöllur (61.6 km), Selfoss (73.2 km) und Geysir (106 km).

Hekla the Queen of Icelandic Volcanoes

Hekla erupted most recently in 1991 and again in 2000. Volcanologists say that pressure measurements within the magma chambers under the mountain are currently higher than they were then. No one knows when the next eruption will occur, though it could certainly be said that circumstances are ripening!

In the year 1159, a huge eruption hurled 7.3 cubic meters of Hekla ash into the atmosphere, cooling the climate around Europe and interfering with growing cycles. Traces of volcanic rock from this eruption have even been found in Scottish peat bogs. In the middle ages, when its catastrophic power was feared all over Europe, Hekla was often called “The Gateway to Hell” and in an English poem from the 11th century, Judas was said to be kept in Mt. Hekla. Following this, European clerks celebrated the eruptions in Hekla as they believed the eruptions to prove the existence of Hell. Hekla is a part of a 40 km (25 mi) long rift. The most active part of the rift is named Heklugjá and is 5,5 km long. Heklugjá is located right under the volcano itself and feeds its eruptions.

The volcano mountain, Hekla, is also sometimes known as the “Queen of Iceland”. It is situated in the scenic Fjallabak mountain area. A hike to Hekla’s summit (1491 m) is placed on top on many bucket lists. The hike is best done up the Northern part of the 4 km long mountains ridge and the first known people to ascend were Eggert Ólafsson and Bjarni Pálsson in the year 1750.

A day tour from Reykjavík is the perfect way to explore Hekla and the glorious mountain scenery around it. On a beautiful clear day, you are able to view Hekla from the South Coast and route 1. For those who would like to explore the volcano from a different angle, with a 4×4 car, you can get an even better view of the scenery from the route to Landmannalaugar. Remember to look out the window when going on one of our Landmannalaugar and Laugavegur hiking or trekking tours.


GPS 63.9923° N, 19.6658° W

Hekla is located in a remote area between road number 26, the F210 mountain road and the Friðland að Fjallabaki Nature Reserve, about 122 km from Reykjavík. The only way to get really close is to follow hiking trails – joining an organized tour is recommended. Other attractions in the area are Hvollsvöllur (61.6 km), Selfoss (73.2 km) and Geysir (106 km).

Hekla Volcano Iceland


The story behind the oblong shape of Mount Hekla is actually quite fascinating. Hekla was originally formed in a long fissure eruption, common with Icelandic volcanoes.

The fissure which had a voluminous lava flow created the surrounding lava field you can see today surrounding the volcano. When the power of the eruption decreased the volcanic activity became more focused on one or two craters in the fissure. This resulted in a rise in this certain volcanic zone which and when it cooled down a round shape caldera was created in the center. Other famous oblong shaped volcanoes, Snæfellsjökul, Eyjafjallajökull and Öræfajökull all have this round crater on top in common. This depression at the top makes it easy for snow to accumulate so many some of those volcanoes are now found under glaciers or at least most of the time under a thick layer of snow.

Hekla Volcano


It impossible to know exactly when Hekla will erupt again. In 1947, when Hekla erupted, it was believed to be a fact that the volcano erupted every 100 years and therefore the next eruption shouldn’t be due until the year 2045. This did not prove accurate as Hekla went off 1970, 1980, 1991 and again in 2000.


  • The hike is not recommended without a guide.
  • The hike usually takes approximately 8 hours.
  • The hike is best done in the summertime.
  • If the plan is to hike all the way to the top you will need glacier equipment.
  • The easiest way to hike Hekla volcano is from the Northwest side or following the Northern ridge.

Hekla Volcano view in Iceland


  • Hekla has been active for thousands of years with 20 recorded eruptions.
  • The first people to climb Hekla were Eggert Ólafsson and Bjarni Pálsson in 1750.
  • Folktales tell us stories that souls of the damned were once believed to pass through the crater of Hekla on their way to hell.
  • In the eruption of 1947, the peak of the explosive eruption chute reached 50 meters (164 ft).
  • Hecla is the traditional English spelling of the volcano Hekla and numerous places have been named after the volcano:
    • The Island Hecla in Lake Winnipeg, Canada.
    • Hecla-Grindstone Provincial Park, Manitoba, Canada.
    • Hecla, Kentucky, USA
    • Hecla, Missouri, USA
    • Hecla, Montana, USA
    • Hecla, South Dakota, USA
    • Hecla, Wyoming, USA, a ghost town near Laramie
  • The name Hekla is an old Icelandic word for a short hooded cloak.
  • Hekla has produced one of the largest volumes of lava of any volcano in the world.

Hekla Volcano Iceland in 1904


Hekla is pretty remotely located but still, you can find accommodation relatively near. Here are the ones with the best reviews the nearest being highest in each category.

Guesthouse, B&B and Homestay

  • Guesthouse Leirubakki
  • Guesthouse Elin
  • Hagi Homestay
  • Heimaland Guesthouse
  • Kaldbakur
  • Guesthouse Denami
  • Nonnahús
  • Guesthouse Steinsholt
  • Birkikinn Holiday Home

Hostels

  • Gljásteinn Hólaskógur Hostel
  • Árnes HI Hostel 

Cabins and Cottages

  • Rjúpnavellir Camping & Cottages
  • Afternoon Cottages
  • Heimaland Guesthouse
Camping near Hekla Volcano

The nearest camping ground to Hekla Volcano is at Rjúpnavellir located right above Galtlækjarskógur forest. It is accessible for all cars. They offer sleeping bag accommodations for 44 people in two separate cabins and 2 cottages each able to accommodate 6 people. The facilities include cooking stations, WCs, and showers.

Hekla-Volcano-Hike